Ethnic minorities and nationalities
Question No. 2: Do hostile comments against people of Vietnamese origin discriminate on the basis of ethnicity? After all, the Vietnamese are not included in the ethnic minorities in the territory of the Republic of Poland?
Answer: The concept of ethnicity in this context should be treated more broadly than the ethnic minority, which is precisely defined by Polish law – as a broad “ethnic” group. A similar, but perhaps a more expressive example is the Arabs – after all, it is neither an ethnic minority according to Polish law, nor a nationality. I would then include them in the broadly understood ethnic group. Interestingly, CBOS treats Arabs as a nation by conducting annual surveys of Poles’ sympathy for different nationalities.
Dr Marta Pietrusińska, trainer at equality workshops for students at the University of Warsaw