Harassment – any unwanted behaviour whose purpose or effect is to violate dignity of a natural person and to create an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or derogatory atmosphere.
Therefore, the scope of this concept includes any unwanted and undesirable behaviour (hence expression of objection by a person concerned of such behaviour is important) whose effect or purpose is to create a situation violating the dignity of the person. Expressing objection to the above behaviours is particularly important in the context of a possibility of charging a given person with being the perpetrator of harassment. An objection may be expressed in any form – both in writing and orally or even signalising to the environment that a given person has become the object of unwanted and unaccepted behaviours.
In the definition mentioned above, violation of the dignity may consist in different behaviours expressed in gestures, words, insulting, harassing statements or abusing a given person in any other way.
It is also worth remembering that any opposition or subjugation to harassment may not result in any negative consequences to such person.
An example of harassment may be a situation in which a lecturer in family law classes at a university, discussing the institution of marriage, comments: “there are certain environments that demoralise society by encouraging legalisation of deviations”.
In the case when the students express their indignation and signalise that homosexual persons may feel humiliated by such statement, we are dealing with discrimination in the form of harassment on grounds of sexual orientation.