Sexual harassment – is any unwanted sexual behaviour related to sex, whose purpose or effect is to violate the dignity of a person, in particular by creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or despicable atmosphere to him/her – such behaviours may include physical, verbal or non-verbal elements.
Sexual harassment may take various forms of behaviour such as: inappropriate jokes having sexual connotation, insinuations, touching, obscene comments, creating emotional blackmail, etc.
Similarly as in case of harassment, a precondition for sexual harassment is lack of the harassed person’s agreement to specific behaviours and his/her objection to the abuser.
Sexual harassment may also be a crime on the grounds of the provisions of the Penal Code of 6 June 1997 (Art. 197 § 1 of the Penal Code, Art. 198 of the Penal Code, Art. 199 of the Penal Code).
An example of sexual harassment may be the following situation. A student of the 1st year appreciates accomplishments of Professor X very much, so she is very pleased to be accepted in his classes. In a short time it turns out that the professor starts to distinguish her, often asking about opinion during classes or asking for help in collecting research materials. After some time, she gets an email from the professor that contains pornography.