The Constitution of the Republic of Poland  of 2 April 1997 (Journal of Laws 1997 No. 78, item 483)

Article 32 
1. All persons shall be equal before the law. All persons shall have the right to equal treatment by public authorities.

2. No one shall be discriminated against in political, social or economic life for any reason whatsoever.

Article 33
1. Men and women shall have equal rights in family, political, social and economic life in the Republic of Poland.

2. Men and women shall have equal rights, in particular, regarding education, employment and promotion, and shall have the right to equal compensation for work of similar value, to social security, to hold offices, and to receive public honours and decorations.

Legal protection against discrimination and unequal treatment was expressed in the hierarchically highest source of law in Poland – the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2 April 1997.

The analysis of the provisions contained therein clearly indicates that protection of all people from unequal and discriminatory treatment constitutes one of the most important and basic tasks of public authorities.

The principle of equal treatment is particularly reflected in Article 32 of the Constitution, which provides that all persons shall be equal before the law and all shall be treated equally by public authorities. Any discrimination in political, social or economic life for any reason whatsoever is prohibited. Therefore, this prohibition should be understood as all situations consisting in unequal, inferior treatment of a given person on the grounds of his/her feature being a result of prejudice and stereotypes.

An important issue in the scope of ensuring equality on grounds of gender in all spheres of human activity is the fact of including Article 33 in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, which clearly indicates that representatives of both sexes have equal rights in all spheres of life – family, political, social and economic, while such broadly understood principle is complemented with a statement, according to which women and men have equal rights both to education and employment and promotion, equal compensation for work of similar value, to social security, to hold offices, and to receive public honours and decorations.

In many places the Constitution pays significant attention to equal treatment, which was expressed, i.a. in the articles on: the right to equal access to the products of culture (Article 6 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland), right of access to the public service based on the principle of equality (Article 60 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland), equal legal protection regarding ownership, other property rights and the right of succession (Article 64 paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland), equal access to health care services financed from public funds (Article 68 paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland) or equal access to education (Article 70 paragraph 4 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland).